Thursday, March 19, 2020
American Women and the Mexican Business Culture For a female American employee assigned to a posting in Mexico, several key cultural differences exist. In any business context, regardless of the country, ineffective communication between employees and management often interferes with productivity, innovation and problem solving.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on American Women and the Mexican Business Culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This paper will detail two of the key areas where an American female employee may encounter cultural differences that have the potential to derail effective communication within the workplace. The first area is physical contact in the workplace. The second area occurs in the area of sexual harassment. Mexico also tends toward traditionally female centered family values which have to the potential to clash with career-oriented American women who rate highly on the masculine index. Physical Contact in the Workplace In the Mex ican business culture, there is a warmth and familiarity between employees and management that differs greatly from the United States (Stephens Greer 1995). Mexican employees tend to be extremely warm and friendly and communicate both verbally and physically; they regularly employ what is known as the abrazo, or embrace, at the beginning of each work day (Stephens Greer 1995). This custom involves Ã¢â¬Å"male supervisors kissing their female secretaries on the cheek at the start of the dayÃ¢â¬ (Stephens Greer 1995). In general, as one executive explained, Ã¢â¬Å"everyone hugs and kisses a lot more than we do in the StatesÃ¢â¬ (Stephens Greer 1995). On the whole the American business culture frowns on physical contact and maintains a formal physical space between employees and management. For the American female employee new to the Mexican workplace this custom may feel intimidating, inappropriate or threatening. She may also feel that she is being demeaned and may consider it a means of rebuking her authority in the public forum. However in the Mexican business culture it is considered Ã¢â¬Å"social protocol,Ã¢â¬ therefore resistance to it or attempts to abolish it will likely ruffle feathers (Stephens Greer 1995).Advertising Looking for term paper on business communication? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More American female employees are best served to expect more physical contact in the Mexican business culture and accept it as part of the transition from one country to another. Ethics The Mexican business culture regularly employs what would be considered corrupt and unethical business practices Ã¢â¬â not to mention in some cases criminal Ã¢â¬â in the United States. Some of these ethically questionable business practices include bribery and profiteering (Silver 2003). Whereas the American female employee new to the Mexican business landscape would likely perceive these pract ices as business problems, the Mexican business culture would perceive them as the nature of doing business and not a problem at all. Therefore the American female employee expect to meet some ethically challenging situations, and must be prepared to have a discussion with her team as to ethical business solutions to business problems using the American model. Sexual Harassment One of the most ethically distasteful situations that can occur in the workplace is sexual harassment. In the United States sexual harassment is a deeply offensive situation for female employees; many female employees have used the courts to further their cases, and these legal precedents have created an environment in the American workplace where managers who sexually harass their employees face stiff penalties, not to mention social infamy. In Mexico, conversely, sexual harassment is viewed as normal. According to Stephens Greer (1995), Ã¢â¬Å"there are no legal protections in Mexico regarding discriminati on on the basis of genderSexual harassment is perfectly acceptable. It is almost considered a management privilege. A young woman would never think of complaining about sexual harassment. Some even think of it as positive interest (Stephens Greer 1995). This cultural element will likely shock and dismay many American female employees, some of whom may have left previous positions for this reason.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on American Women and the Mexican Business Culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Masculinity Index the Role of Women An interesting paradox exists in Mexico; though it has a masculine culture, it tends also to operate along traditional feminine lines (Stephens Greer 1995; Borstorff Hearn 2000; Dols Gilbert Silvius 2010). Younger generations of Mexicans tend to have more gender egalitarian attitudes. According to Stephens Greer (1995), Ã¢â¬Å"younger women are more progressive, more proactive, [and] more career-orientedÃ¢â¬ (Stephens Greer 1995). However, many Mexican women have little interest in attaining Ã¢â¬Å"high-ranking positions, and arent found in them,Ã¢â¬ because home and family is considered paramount and still largely the domain of women (Stephens Greer 1995; Borstorff Hearn 2000). This occurs because many women in Mexico leave the workforce and never return once they become pregnant, and the concept of working mothers is problematic, since the cultural expectation is that mother should be home with their children (Stephens Greer 1995). American female employees with children may find themselves frowned upon or viewed with confusion by their co-workers as a result of this. Also, American female employees often find they rate quite highly on the masculine index, in that they value Ã¢â¬Å"assertiveness, performance and material success,Ã¢â¬ and often balance their careers with childcare duties (Dols Gilbert Silvius 2010). Also, America n female employees may find Mexican hiring practices extremely biased. Mexican employers openly prefer males, and no legislation exists to counter gender discrimination. As a result, Ã¢â¬Å"Mexican employers tend to hire married men first, then single men, single women and finally (and rarely) married womenÃ¢â¬ (Stephens Greer 1995). Conclusion For a female American employee about to embark on a position in Mexico, the main thing to be aware of is the perceived role of women, especially married women with families. The culture is largely traditional. In the culture of the United States working mothers are considered normal, however few exist in Mexico. References Borstorff , P.C. Hearn, W.M. (2000). Going abroad: Tyson foods in Mexico. Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies, 6,(1), 87-88.Advertising Looking for term paper on business communication? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dols, T. Gilbert Silvius, A.J. (2010). Exploring the influence of national cultures on non-compliance behavior. Communications of the IIMA, 10(3), 11-32. Silver, S. (2003, September 22). Ethics on top of the Mexican curriculum: INTERVIEW JORGE GUTIERREZ VILLARREAL, IPADE: Changing attitudes in a business culture that is often endemically corrupt is an ongoing campaign, says Sara Silver. The Financial Times, pp.16. Stephens, G. K. Greer, C.R. (1995). Doing business in Mexico: understanding cultural differences. Organizational Dynamics, 24 (1), 39-56.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
The Scope and Health of the African Rainforest The vast African rainforest stretches across much of the central African continent, encompassing the following countries in its woods: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Comoros, Congo, Cote dIvoire (Ivory Coast),Ã Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia,Ã Ã¢â¬â¹Ã¢â¬â¹Mauritania,Ã Mauritius, Mozambique, Niger,Ã Nigeria,Ã Rwanda, Senegal, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,Ã Somalia, Sudan,Ã Tanzania, Togo,Ã Uganda, Zambia,Ã andÃ Zimbabwe. Degradation Except for the Congo Basin, the tropical rainforests of Africa have been largely depleted by commercial exploitation: logging and conversion for agriculture. In West Africa, nearly 90% of the original rainforest is gone. The remainder is heavily fragmented and in a degraded state, being poorly used. Especially problematic in Africa is desertification and conversion of rainforests to erodible agriculture and grazing lands. To counteract this trend, the World Wildlife Fund and the United Nations have put a number of global initiatives in place. Details About the Rainforests Status By far, the largest number of countries with rainforests are located in one geographical section of the world- the Afrotropical region. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) indicates that these countries,Ã mainly in West and Central Africa, are mostly poor with populations that live at the subsistence level. Most of the tropical rainforestsÃ of Africa exist in the Congo (Zaire) River Basin, though remnants also are present throughout Western Africa in a sorry state due to the plight of poverty, which encourages subsistence agriculture and firewood harvesting. This realm is dry and seasonal when compared to the other areas, and the outlying portions of this rainforest are steadily becoming a desert. Over 90%Ã of West Africas original forest has been lost over the last century and only a small part of what remains qualifies as closed forest. Africa lost the highest percentage of rainforests during the 1980s of any other tropical region. During 1990Ã¢â¬â95 the annual rate of total deforestation in Africa was nearly 1%. In the whole of Africa, for every 28 trees cut down, only one tree is replanted. Challenges and Solutions According to rainforest expert Rhett Butler, who wrote the book A Place Out of Time: Tropical Rainforests and the Perils They Face: The outlook forÃ the regions rainforestsÃ is not promising. Many countries have agreed in principle to conventions of biodiversity and forest preservation, but inÃ practice, these concepts of sustainable forestry are not enforced. Most governments lack the funds and technical know-how to make these projects a reality.Funding for most conservation projects comes from foreign sectors and 70-75% of forestry in the region is funded by external resources....Additionally, a population growth rate exceeding 3% annually, combined with the poverty of rural peoples, makes it difficult for the government to control local subsistence clearing and hunting. An economic downturn in important parts of the world has many African nations re-examining their forest product harvesting policies. African and international organizations alike have initiated local programs addressing the sustainable management of rainforests. These programs are showing some potential but have had minimal effect to date. The United Nations is putting some pressure on African governments to abandon tax incentives for practices that encourage deforestation. Ecotourism and bioprospectingÃ areÃ believed to have potential as they add much or more value to local economies when compared with wood products.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Biochemistry (cardiovascular biomarkers the advantages and disadvantages) - Essay Example lood sugar, ECG and ECHO provide a gross information of the cardiovascular status, estimation of risk and presence of cardiovascular disease is possible only through definite markers of the disease. The ultimate aim of prevention of cardiovascular disease is to prevent end-organ injury like myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction mainly presents as chest pain. Infact, chest pain is a common cause for attendance to emergency departments. While millions of people present with chest pain every year, only about 10- 15 percent are actually diagnosed with myocardial infarction (Pasupathi et al, 2009). Lack of appropriate diagnostic and clinical tools to ascertain the presence of myocardial infarction has contributed to unnecessary hospitalization, investigations and expenses (Pasupathi et al, 2009). It is often is difficult to rule out acute myocardial infarction from several other causes of chest pain. But, in view of the high rate of morbidity and mortality associated with the condition, it becomes imperative on the part of clinician to diagnose it and treat in promptly (McPherson, 2010). While ECG is useful in diagnosing acute myocardial infarction, it is not a very sensitive and specific test for diagnosing the condition (Statland, 1996). Infact, in more than 50 percent cases, ECG is non- diagnostic with atypical features (Statland, 1996). Over several years CK-MB was the gold standard for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction. However, recent research has tarnished the image of even that test and troponin testing has replaced that (Statland, 1996). As of now, the search for ideal cardiac marker continues and currently, a combination of more than one marker is used to establish correct diagnosis and prognosis. Ideal marker for use in clinical cardiology would be that which is cardiac specific, that which rises immediately after infarct begins, that which after elevation, remains in the blood for some time, that which is easy to measure, that whose measurements
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Word Mouth in Advertising - Dissertation Example From this discussion it is clear that positive word of mouth is perhaps what most companies like to hear because besides increasing the consumers' intensions to purchase innovative products; it helps company by creating a favorable brand image and that of the firm. This can subsequently lead to a reduction in the amount of expenditure by companied on promotions. Negative word of mouth on the other hand, dissuades potential buyers from a brand, product or a firm and consequently damages the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s financial position as well as andÃ more power than positive word of mouth communication.As the paper stresses while many authors have handled the impact of negative word of mouth communication in advertising, there is still a huge gap, especially when it comes to how this marketing tool can be used to influence campaigns that target social problems such as gender bias, smoking, poverty, respecting traffic signs, sexual harassments, and education. It is worth noting the fact that ne gative word of mouth communication, because of its influential power, can be used to achieve progress in a number of areas in the society. However, the previous researchers have only been delving on how word of mouth advertising has been influencing marketing and sales but failed to conduct a proper investigation on the impact it can have in solving social problems that the society faces today. There is no doubt that it would equally have a big influence in this area as well.
Saturday, January 25, 2020
The controversies in our time between teleological and deontological ethics which come down to the problem "from being to ought," referring to human being or nature, can be resolved only by an adequate conception of human nature. Taking up the ancient tradition (Plato, Aristotle, Stoa) again, we can re-examine the teleological conception of human nature as primarily instinctive and selfish, and say that human nature is constituted also by reason and that the instinctive nature is predisposed to be guided by reason or intellect. The constitutive order of the human soul, with the subordination of the instinct under the intellect, involves already some natural goodness, of which the intellect is aware (in the natural moral conscience) and for which the will strives (in a natural inclination). This is the basis for the "moral law" and for normative ethics. Thus, human nature is not selfish in itself. Although moral goodness as humankindÃ¢â¬â¢s perfection is an ideal, it has in us alrea dy imperfect natural beginnings, a "natural morality." In a certain sense, the moral ought of actions comes from oneÃ¢â¬â¢s being, from the natural moral goodness of which the intellect is aware in itself, and from its good intentions. I. Problems of Foundation Seen historically, the foundation problems of ethical norms and normative ethics have been treated, in modern times, in two opposite directions, the empiricist and the rationalistic way. The former is characterized as the aposterioric way, taking the criterion of morality only from the result of experience Ã¢â¬â feelings of usefulness and happiness Ã¢â¬â, in contrast to the latter as aprioric, taking the criterion from a law of reason Ã¢â¬â universal human duties Ã¢â¬â foregoing to all experience. KantsÃ¢â¬â¢ ethics tried to superate the aposterioric ethics of the English empiricists, claiming, with the rationalists, a law of reason apriori, but in doing so he did not follow the way of pure rationalism. Rather he established his position as a combination of both directions, the empiricist and the rationalistic one. They form the so-called "material" and "formal" side of his ethics. The moral law of reason, the famous "categorical imperative", belongs to the formal side, whereas the objects of our actions are considered as "material", i.e. as objects of our sensitive desire or vital needs which can be given only in the field of sensible intuition. He denies with the empiricists any intellectual intuition and formulates the "paradox of method" (1) that no object or "good" can be the criterion a priori for morality, but only the categorical imperative, of which, if applied to actions, every object or good is a consequence.
Friday, January 17, 2020
Executive Summary Navistar was a worldwide leader in the manufacturing medium and heavy trucks for 17 consecutive years in the North America market. NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s premium conventional trucks were produced at the Chatham assembly plant, which had almost 14 years experience in producing NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s premium line since 1983. Navistar had forecasted increased industry demand for heavy and medium trucks in 1998. Especially, the Chatham assembly plantÃ¢â¬â¢s customers had strict requirements to the truckÃ¢â¬â¢s quality and delivery date. As the assembly supervisor in Chatham, Andy Ramsz encountered the interior trim quality and delivery problem for the truck. Andy had begun to gather data on the interior trim supply problem and he got the crucial reasons for these problems occurred. These reasons absolutely affected the NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s internal supply process, increased the extra cost as well as reduced the efficiency of the supply management. According to the reasons identified for the trim supply problem, my decision is to set up the improved procedure focused on problems identified and take plans to enhance efficiency and productiveness of trim supply chain so as to relieve the difficulty of shortage problem and meet customersÃ¢â¬â¢ requirement accurately. Issue Identification Navistar provides premium trucks that ranged in design from no frill models to highly customized units. Customers are able to select from customized units which represented 50-80 percent of production volumes. These customized units contained various options that formed kits that included anywhere from 18-26 individual trim pieces. Andy Ramsz, the Assembly Supervisor at NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s Chatham facility has been experiencing an issue with interior trim shortages for NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s premium conventional trucks. The shortage of parts and non compliance with delivery schedules did not allow plant assemblers to complete the interior of a truck. The delay in completing the truck affected the bottom line as the interruption in waiting for replacement parts caused additional time and money. Environmental Issue Navistar considered quality and on-time delivery as a priority that came before costs; therefore, various improvement initiatives to quality programs were supported by top management as well as initiatives to improve processes and on-time delivery. Andy is an Assembly Supervisor but had very broad job responsibilities. AndyÃ¢â¬â¢s time was taken up in areas such as supplier quality evaluations, internal process documentation, process improvement, and much more. His focus was very widespread and his day was drawn away from scheduled and unscheduled meetings; this position required long hours and weekend work. In addition to the quality issues, truck interior trim shortages was another challenge which resulted in reordering of trim parts leading to additional material handling, and post- assembly installation. These delayed parts required overtime that increased cost and delayed delivery of the finished truck to the customer. Issues came from both Navistar and their supplier Trimco. Navistar had design changes such as different sizes, repositioning of mechanisms and other various designer and material changes; however, these changes to the truck interiors were not communicated to Trimco before production runs were completed. As a result, parts were shipped with different specifications than those needed for proper fit during assembly. Due to the lack of coordination and communication, this caused hurdles to Navistar and TrimcoÃ¢â¬â¢s just in time system where lead and delivery times were compressed. As a key supplier for Navistar, Trimco provided 420,000 parts annually to Navistar. Unfortunately, of these parts, approximately 3,100 were defective, missing or inappropriate for use. These 3100 parts were another financial burden and jeopardized customer service. Due to the lack of centralisation and limited computer systems capability, Trimco had difficulty monitoring outgoing parts for shipments sent to Navistar; inappropriate component of trim parts or insufficient quantities of the correct parts were supplied. Andy estimated that costs associated with the interior trim shortages were over $200,000 per year. The company was not being run efficiently and quality control was hindering the performance for Navistar. Furthermore, Trimco was QS9000 certified, but the quality control procedures varied throughout as the company lacked consistency. To make matters worse, Trimco also had high employee turnover which meant that employees were notÃ all properly trained and failed to understand the knowledge and specifications of customer requirements. Alternatives Alternative 1 Research and Source another reputable supplier to manufacture 30% of the customized trim parts Ã¢â¬â To improve financial situation and alleviate the shortage issue, Navistar can source out a portion of their customized parts to another supplier while maintaining the other 70% to Trimco. The new supplier will adhere to the specifications of NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s customization requirements by going through training programs. Pros: Meet on-time delivery and reduce the number of shortages Creates more inventory and safety stock Could be less risky for Navistar as they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have all their eggs in one basket Another supplier puts pressure on Trimco as they could possibly lose more business, so they would hopefully improve their shortage issue Cons: High cost to source, train and implement quality processes with new supplier Separating parts can confuse Accounts Payable and payment, additional paperwork Purchasing power can decrease if inventory is split between multiple vendors No guarantee that delivery and quality will immediately fit to conformity Alternative 2 Navistar will work with Trimco to develop cross-organizational teams and partnerships to re-examine programs for product quality, training, processes and logistics. Exchanging information with Trimco and having open and effective communication to work on areas of concern externally and internally will help improve operations and business for the plant, Navistar and Trimco. Pros: Working with one another by sharing my resources will help both companies ind solutions and work more efficiently By collaborating ideas and using cross-organizational teams, companies can increase efficiencies and reduce costs Creates a strong and long relationship Potential to improve lead times Cons: High cost implementing and initiating programs Takes a long time to make changes Potential for lots of changes leading to possibility of turnover if employees do not like changes If not properly executed, could be confusing to employees Alternative 3 Decrease the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s design options. Decreasing design options and providing standard packages will reduce the numerous trim parts for production; this can possibly increase the appropriate shortage and delivery issue. Navistar provided customized units to satisfy different customersÃ¢â¬â¢ requirements; customers should change the design before the production runs, which often resulted in the failure of communication to the supplier for the change, and inappropriate trim provided, or delivery delay. Pros: Standardize the Ã¢â¬Å"kitsÃ¢â¬ form for the interior trim to increase the appropriate delivery and installation procedure. More efficient to organize production and procure trim parts. Convenient for supplier to produce trim parts and arrange the stock and inventory. Cons: Navistar may lose the market shares without the specific feature and attracting styling. Recommendation Alternative 2 Ã¢â¬â Navistar will work with Trimco to develop cross-organizational teams and partnerships to re-examine programs for product quality, training, processes and logistics. Working together with Trimco and reviewing internal processes will help Navistar rectify the trim shortage issue. Even though both companies have quality management systems and programs, a revised quality program should be cooperatively put together to increase efficiency. A Quality Representative from each organization should be placed in the other company to check on conformity, quality and completion of kits. With the help of Trimco, Navistar can create a workbook for inspection procedures for incoming kits and Trimco will have a procedure to follow for kits going outbound. The inspection will have a review checklist that examines the kits as they come in/out; if there are missing parts, they should be documented immediately. Incoming shipments with part shortages that are taken from another kit will be required to be documented and ordered. Trimco will also upgrade their computer system and enhance the centralization to monitor outgoing parts. Trimco had difficulty responding to NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s design changes. Navistar will need to implement a new process to allow increase in lead time for new design changes and communicate changes to the TrimcoÃ¢â¬â¢s design and manufacturing department. Once Navistar receives confirmation from Trimco they can expect to receive the correct trims with the correct design changes. There has been high turnover at Trimco and training employees has not been up to par. Trimco will need to work with Navistar to create a program for product quality and control than develop a manual for process and development. It will be beneficial for Navistar to help Trimco with a program and manual as this will help hold their employees to compliance standards. The manual will be a reference and include quality planning activities and controls that document the manufacture of Navistar products. Navistar has internal challenges that can be changed to help with the quality and logistics. Andy was given too many responsibilities and his focus was widespread, some of his responsibilities should be the responsibility of managers. Creating some time for Andy will allow him to focus on his core responsibilities and look to programs on continuous improvement. Allowing Andy to have free time will help as he should figure out that providing aÃ forecast to Trimco will more preparation for parts. The plant at Chatham should try and lean out duplicate processes and perhaps change the order in which the trim assembly took place. The trim was placed into the cab than the cab placed onto the chassis. The cab isnÃ¢â¬â¢t dependent on whether the trim assembly is in place; therefore, if trims were added further down the line it would provide more lead time for orders. Implementation Plan Navistar will need to assess internal process and to work with TrimcoÃ¢â¬â¢s manufacturing department to improve their quality control and process. 1-4 Months: Navistar and Trimco will need to select a Quality Representative and train them on the requirements and specifications for the customized products. Quality representatives and the Manager of Manufacturing at Trimco will help develop a training process and combine that knowledge into Training Manuals to help train current and future Trimco employees. Navistar will provide forecasting tools and reports and review with Trimco to determine mutual understanding of the documents. Trimco will upgrade their computer systems so that monitoring of outgoing parts will be more accurate. 5-6 Months Ã¢â¬â Quality and consistency will be rigorously inspected and tested to ensure that they meet the quality standards. Navistar will set up KPI to the supplier to determine quality and performance and will be audited. Trimco will have the forecast so they should have safety stock based on the NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s forecast Monitor and Control Navistar will need to examine the success of the implementation process; the training of staff, and shortages of trim parts will be assessed. The staff should be tested during the first month to see that they are comfortable and understand all the requirements for Navistar. Also, monitoring the Tricmo to see if they are using the forecast to meet production levels should be assessed monthly. Navistar will need to set KPIs and notified when quotas arenÃ¢â¬â¢t being met as this could be an indication of inefficiency. Areas in operations such as production level, turnaround time, disruptions, and flexibility for change would be taken as key performance measurements. Audit KPI Monthly Notes Ã¢â¬â Issues *Shortage of trim parts to Navistar Notes Ã¢â¬â Environmental Interior cut back Quality and Delivery Problem * Missing or Inappropriate trim parts. This resulted in: * Reordering of parts * Additional Material Handling * Post aggregation Installation that needed overtime ($42 per hour) * Eventually decease to a delay in delivery * Typical truck contains 18-26 individualist trims costing $630-$770 * Andy estimated that trim part shortages cost the company $200,000 annually *Slowing down the line due to reordering of parts, extra time and money in material handling, post assembly installation and HR management Trimco Industries * Supplied over 450 parts in 5 different colours and 3 different trim levels * Trimco sent about 420,000 units a course of which about 3100 were defective (0. Some processes within their facility were passing automated while some were manual * Used Quality visit Techniques Statistical Process Control (SPC), Manual Inspection and heel over Production. * Due to lack of centralisation and limited computer governance capability * Difficulty in Monitoring Outgoing Parts * Sent shipments with contradictory parts or incorrect quantities * High Attrition rate leading to employees with poor level of training, hence some employees were insensible of customer requirements * The company had difficulty responding to certain design changes. * At times these design changes were not sent by Navistar forward production runs and hence parts Notes Ã¢â¬â Alternatives 1 Ã¢â¬â Source another vendor 30% of trim parts Pros: Meet on-time delivery and reduce the number of shortages Creates more inventory and safety stock Could be less risky for Navistar as they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have all their eggs in one basket Another supplier puts pressure on Trimco as they could possibly lose more business, so they would hopefully improve their shortage issue Cons: High cost to source, train and implement quality processes with new supplier Separating parts can confuse Accounts Payable and payment, additional paperwork Purchasing power can decrease if inventory is split between multiple vendors No guarantee that delivery and quality will immediately fit to conformity 2 Ã¢â¬â Collaborate with Trimco for improvement Pros: Working with one another by sharing my resources will help both companies find solutions and work more efficiently By collaborating ideas and using cross-organizational teams, companies can increase efficiencies and reduce costs Creates a strong and long relationship Cons: High cost implementing and initiating programs Takes a long time to make changes Potential for lots of changes leading to possibility of turnover if employees do not like changes If not properly executed, could be confusing to employees 3 Ã¢â¬â decrease customization option Pros: Standardize the Ã¢â¬Å"kitsÃ¢â¬ form for the interior trim to increase the appropriate delivery and installation procedure. More efficient to organize production and procure trim parts. Convenient for supplier to produce trim parts and arrange the stock and inventory. Cons: Navistar may lose the market shares without the specific feature and attracting styling. Notes Ã¢â¬â Recommendation *Monitor supplier performance *How to get the QA deptÃ¢â¬â¢s aligned between the companies? 1. Navistar Ã¢â¬â supply chain division restructuring on a strategic level b. AndyÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibilities to be shared between new subdivisions/departments taking away some of his current functions (e.g. internal documentation and material management) c. Logistics audit/review to be implemented by external company to set new procedures particularly for parts flow 2. Chatham plant Ã¢â¬â reorganization of assembly a. To review assembly process and redesign production steps for smooth and consistent move of the truck to decrease customization level and shorten production lead time b. Interior trim process flow Ã¢â¬â reduce/eliminate NVA steps through c. Increase communication efficiency with Trimco to send proper and in time data for last minute changes/redesign 3. Trimco Ã¢â¬â tighter collaboration to help them produce quality a. Involve Trimco in logistics audit c. Eliminate double processes taking place both in Chatham plant and Trimco warehouse (e.g. trim kit assembly) Notes Ã¢â¬â Implementation Navistar implementation: Action Item | Type | Term | Responsible | Duration | Status | Prepare the forecast for the trim part by month | Tactical | Short | Dealer & marketing department & procurement department | 3 month | Not started | Take the liability for the safety stock with supplier | Tactical | Short Long | Procurement department | 3 months Ã¢â¬â 6 months | Not started | Set up KPI to the supplier for the performance audit | Tactical | Short & Long | Procurement Department & production Department | 1 month | Not started | Trimco implementation: Action Item | Type | Term | Responsible | Duration | Status | Upgrade computer system and enhance the centralization | Tactical & Strategic | Long and short | IT department | 6 months or more | Not started | Arrange the appropriate training to the employee | Tactical | Long and Short | Top management & HR department & production department | 3 month | Not started | Have the safety stock based on the NavistarÃ¢â¬â¢s forecast | Tactical | Short & Middle | Production department | 3 months | Not started | Set up the quality traceability regulation for the quality control | Tactical | short | Production department & QC department | 1 month | Not started | Notes Ã¢â¬â Monitor and Control Element | Evaluation | # | Description | Measure | Success | Failure | 1. | Recommend best- selling configuration | Got the selling data | Accurate and detailed | Inaccurate and non-detailed | 2. | Forecast form and accuracy | accuracy | Accuracy >=80% | Accuracy =85% | Accuracy =85% | Accuracy
Thursday, January 9, 2020
Throughout Ã¢â¬Å"A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House,Ã¢â¬ Ibsen introduces multiple varying levels of freedom between his characters. Each character has strict restrictions on the freedom they experience throughout the play and these are a direct result from their environmental circumstances. The most obvious difference in freedom stems from gender roles and the freedom a man may experience verse a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s allowed freedom. Other factors affecting different characters freedom come from criminal circumstances affecting how a character must behave and limited options due to unfortunate forced circumstances verses a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s perceived viable options due to social pressure. There is not a single character in Ã¢â¬Å"A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s HouseÃ¢â¬ who is lucky enough to experience trueÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Luckily enough for Nora, Kristine is able to convince Krogstead to not follow through with his blackmailing of Torvald by expressing how she is lonely and empty and aski ng him to Ã¢â¬Å"give [her] something, Nils. Give [her] someone to work for.Ã¢â¬ (78) Unfortunately, it was too late for Krogstead to get his letter back from Torvald; he was bound to read it. Torvald responds to the news exactly the way a man of his time like Torvald is expected to respond Ã¢â¬â heÃ¢â¬â¢s furious. He yells at Nora about how she cannot do anything right and how she would not be allowed to raise their children. Directly after his outburst, he reads a second letter from Krogstead saying how he will no longer be blackmailing Torvald Ã¢â¬â and his mood almost immediately goes from angry brute to caring husband. He is now convinced that NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s misconceived actions were out of love and that it was not her fault because she did not know the serious circumstances she has put herself in. This was exactly when Nora realized how superficial her idea of freedom has been up to this point. After the way Torvald reacted to both of the letters Nora knows that to Torvald she is nothing but a doll Ã¢â¬â just someone to prop him up. She described how she was Ã¢â¬Å"handed from papa to [him]Ã¢â¬ never truly allowed to think or act for herself (99). Nora went from just being her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter to TorvaldÃ¢â¬â¢s wife Ã¢â¬â she never gotShow MoreRelatedHenrik Ibsen s A Doll House1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In the play, A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen, the title itself symbolizes the dependent and degraded role of the wife within traditional marriages. Ibsen portrayed the generous nature root into women by society, as well as the significant action of this nature, and lastly the need for them to find their own voice in a world ruled by men. Ibsen wrote this play in 1879, this is the era where women were obedient to men, tend the children until their husband came home, and stood by the Cult of DomesticityRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1717 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"A Doll, a Partner, and a ChangeÃ¢â¬ Social movement of women liberation toward equal rights and independence has been a big subject in human history. It happens not only in Europe but also all over the world. Though making progress, this movement has been advancing slowly and encountered backslashes from time to time. Maybe there is something deeply hidden which the society has not figured out yet, even women themselves. What do women want, freedom or good life? Most of the time, they are notRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1291 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages A Doll s House by Henrik Ibsen, is a play that has been written to withstand all time. In this play Ibsen highlights the importance of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. During the time period of the play these rights were neglected. Ibsen depicts the role of the woman was to stay at home, raise the children and attend to her husband during the 19th century. Nora is the woman in A Doll House who plays is portrayed as a victim. Michael Meyers said of Henrik Ibsen s plays: The common denominator in many of IbsenRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1288 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Henrik IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House is based in the Victorian society of the 19th century. It assesses the many struggles and hardships that women faced because of marriage Ã¢â¬Å"lawsÃ¢â¬ that were crucial during that time period. The society was male- dominated with no equality. Nora is the protagonist in A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House and the wife of a man named Torvald. This play is about NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s voyage to recognizing her self- determination and independence. She transforms from a traditional, reserved woman to a new, independentRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1298 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"There is beauty in truth, even if it s painful. Those who lie, twist life so that it looks tasty to the lazy, brilliant to the ignorant, and powerful to the weak. But lies only strengthen our defects. They don t teach anything, help anything, fix anything or cure anything. Nor do they develop one s character, one s mind, one s heart or one s soul.Ã¢â¬ (JosÃ © N. Harris). Nora HelmerÃ¢â¬â¢s choice to lie and deceive is inappropriate and wrong for women to do to her husband during this time period; itRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1037 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHenrik Ibsen s A Doll s House is a work of literature genius. This three-act play involves many literary technics that are undermined by the average reader such as the fact that the plot shows the main characters Torvald and his wife Nora live the perfect life. An ironic paradox based around the fact that Nora and TorvaldÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship is the complete opposite of perfect. Also, bringing upon a conflict as well, appearance versus reality. These little hidden meanings within stories are what areRead MoreHenrik Ibsen s A Doll House Essay1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHenrik IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s play Ã¢â¬Å"A Doll HouseÃ¢â¬ was set in the Victorian era, a time where women were highly respected. Women in this time period did not work, they had nannies to take care of their children and maids to take care of their homes. Many women had no real responsibilities, they spent their time having tea parties and socializing with their friends. Henrik Ibsen dared to show the realism of the Victorian era while everyone else would only focus on the romantic aspect. In the play, Ã¢â¬Å"A Doll HouseÃ¢â¬ Read MoreA Doll s House : Henrik Ibsen962 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDrama Analysis A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House (Henrik Ibsen) And Trifles (Susan Glaspell) In comparing both dramas, the overwhelming aspect of convergence between both is the open discussion of gender identity. Both dramas make similar points about what it means to be a woman. Modern society in both dramas is constructed with men holding power over women. This is seen in Trifles in how men like George Henderson and Mr. Hale are myopic. The premise of the drama is how women worry over trifles, and the dismissiveRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House, Henrik Ibsen examines conventional roles of men and women in the nineteenth century. In the play, Nora exemplifies the conventional feminine standard during that period. She seems to be powerless and confines herself through high standard expectations, demonstrating what the role of a women would be as a wife and mother. The protagonist of A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House is a woman named Nora Helmer. Ibsen shows how NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s design of perfect life gradually transforms when her sec ret unravels. InRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen876 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House by Henrik Ibsen A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House takes place in the home of Torvald and Nora Helmer. Through conversation with NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s good friend Kristine Linde it is revealed that Mr. Helmer was ill around the same time NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s father died. Luckily NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s father left her enough money that Torvald and Nora could go on a life saving trip to Italy. But the truth comes out when we find out NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s father did not leave her a penny. We find out that Nora got a hold of the money through a loan but she signed